Psychiatric problems of HIV/AIDS and their management in Africa

Cover of: Psychiatric problems of HIV/AIDS and their management in Africa |

Published by Fountain Publishers in Kampala .

Written in English

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Subjects:

  • AIDS (Disease) -- Africa -- Psychological aspects,
  • AIDS (Disease) -- Patients -- Mental health -- Africa,
  • HIV-positive persons -- Mental health -- Africa,
  • HIV-positive persons -- Africa -- Psychological apsects

Edition Notes

Includes bibliographical references and index.

Book details

Statementeditors, Seggane Musisi & Eugene Kinyanda.
ContributionsMusisi, Seggane., Kinyanda, Eugene.
Classifications
LC ClassificationsR+
The Physical Object
Paginationxvii, 369 p. :
Number of Pages369
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL24024030M
ISBN 109789970027347
LC Control Number2009324325

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Household-Level Impacts. HIV/AIDS infects and kills young and middle-aged adults preferentially, the age group that comprises household heads, mothers and fathers of young children and adolescents, caregivers for the old and sick, transmitters of agricultural and livelihood knowledge and skills, and custodians of social safety nets (Commission on HIV/AIDS and Governance in Africa, ).

This second edition of the book provides up-to-date information on new drugs, new proven HIV prevention interventions, a new chapter on positive prevention, and current HIV epidemiology. This definitive text covers all aspects of HIV/AIDS in South Africa, from basic science to medicine, sociology, economics and politics.

Issues of adherence, prevention, Psychiatric problems of HIV/AIDS and their management in Africa book public well-being are emphasized throughout. The management of medical problems such as delirium, dementia, and pain management in special HIV/AIDS patients with co-morbid substance abuse as well as end of life care is also included.

HIV-positive children and adolescents are at increased risk of both central nervous system (CNS) sequelae and mental disorders owing to a number of factors, including the impact of HIV infection on the brain, social determinants of health (e.g.

poverty and orphanhood) and psychosocial stressors related to living with HIV. This definitive textbook covers all aspects of HIV/AIDS in southern Africa, from basic science to medicine, sociology, economics and politics. It has been written by a highly-respected team of southern African HIV experts and provides a thoroughly researched account of the epidemic in the region.

The book comprises eight sections, the first of which covers the numbers behind the epidemic, both Reviews: 1. Statistics in South Africa with regard to HIV and AIDS paints a bleak picture [7] because South Africa is currently at the epicentre of the AIDS pandemic with approximately million (%) HIV Author: Psychiatric problems of HIV/AIDS and their management in Africa book Fourie.

Finally, due to the large numbers of persons with HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis in southern Africa, management of those diseases and drug-resistant cases must be increasingly decentralized and part of an integrated primary healthcare system.

HIV/AIDS are closely interlinked; mental health problems, including substance-use disorders, are associated with increased risk of HIV infection and AIDS and interfere with their treatment, and conversely some mental disorders occur as a direct result of HIV infection.

Mental Health Problems Affecting People Who Have HIV and AIDS in Malawi: A Review Article (PDF Available) in Open Journal of Nursing 5(3) March. Mania has for long been associated with HIV/AIDS and in many cases acts as a barrier to attaining best treatment outcomes in patients both conditions.

Like many psychiatric disorders, mania was initially thought to be a psychological reaction to having HIV : Emmanuel Kiiza Mwesiga.

This second edition of the book provides up-to-date information on new drugs, new proven HIV prevention interventions, a new chapter on positive prevention, and current HIV epidemiology. This definitive text covers all aspects of HIV/AIDS in South Africa, from basic science to medicine, sociology, economics and politics.5/5(1).

HIV/AIDS management poses many different challenges around the world, and the therapies available in the West are often not economically feasible in developing countries. This new book is the first to address the myriad of clinical difficulties faced by health practitioners worldwide in managing HIV/AIDS.

Human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) is associated with a high risk of malnutrition caused by mechanisms that include opportunistic infections, drug therapy, psychosocial factors, inadequate dietary intake, and nutrient loss through reduction of digestive and absorptive capacity and through metabolic changes.

Mental health problems appear to be increasing in importance in Africa. Between and the continent's population grew by 49%, yet the number of years lost to disability as a result of mental and substance use disorders increased by 52%.

In179 million years were lost to disability as a consequence of mental health by: 7. CD thics Common ethical issues related to HIV/AIDS S Ar am ract 0 Vol 5 o 6 Opt-in or opt-out: approaches to HIV testing South Africa is the epicentre of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) pandemic.1 Based on a wide range of data, including household and antenatal studies, the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS Cited by: 1.

Going through changes in your physical appearance or abilities due to HIV/AIDS; Dealing with loss, including the loss of relationships or even death; Facing the stigma and discrimination associated with HIV/AIDS; The HIV virus itself also can contribute to mental health problems because it enters and resides in your brain.

have AIDS. A person gets sick when HIV has destroyed most of his/her immune system. This can take many years to happen. Many people believe that HIV/AIDS is not real.

They think that it is a story to scare people to use condoms and stop having sex. However, many people have HIV in their bodies and many have already died of an AIDS-related Size: KB. There are many different types of mental health issues, such as depression, anxiety disorders, low self-esteem or personality disorders.

They can affect anyone and everyone but living with HIV can cause additional worries that may make you more likely to experience a mental health problem.

Despite the high prevalence of both mental disorders and HIV infection in much of sub-Saharan Africa, little is known about the occurrence of mental health disorders among HIV-infected individuals. We conducted a cross-sectional study among individuals enrolled into HIV care and treatment services near Cape Town, South by:   Mental health refers to a person’s overall emotional, psychological, and social well-being.

Good mental health helps people make healthy choices, reach personal goals, develop healthy relationships, and cope with stress. If you have HIV, it’s important to take care of both your physical health and your mental health. Mental health issues in the continuum of HIV.

care and support. Despite the growing evidence of the mental health. needs of PLHIV, mental health and behavioral disor-ders are often overlooked and undertreated (Bain-gana et al. ; WHO ). Undetected mental health problems such as depression, cognitiveFile Size: KB.

The management of HIV/AIDS normally includes the use of multiple antiretroviral drugs in an attempt to control HIV are several classes of antiretroviral agents that act on different stages of the HIV life-cycle.

The use of multiple drugs that act on different viral targets is known as highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART).HAART decreases the patient's total burden of HIV. Training and Education. Whether you are a psychiatrist or another healthcare practitioner, APA’s office of HIV Psychiatry offers clinical training programs presenting the most current, cutting-edge information on the management of psychiatric and neuropsychiatric dimensions of HIV disease.

HIV/AIDS is a major public health concern and cause of death in many parts of Africa. Although the continent is home to about percent of the world's population, more than two-thirds of the total infected worldwide – some 35 million people – were Africans, of whom 15 million have already died.

Sub-Saharan Africa alone accounted for an estimated 69 percent of all people living with HIV and 70. The figures differed across geographical regions, e.g. 27/1 in the Western Cape and 70/1 in the Eastern Cape.3 Overall maternal mortality increased from / pregnancies in to / in South Africa comprises almost 17% of the world’s population living with HIV/AIDS.

The country has the largest antiretroviral. Psychiatric morbidity is commonly associated with HIV disease and may have adverse effects. This aspect may be overlooked at comprehensive HIV care centers in Low and Middle-Income Countries. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of undetected psychiatric morbidity among HIV/AIDS adult patients attending Comprehensive Care Centre in a semi-urban clinic, in Cited by: 1.

Get this from a library. Medical Management of HIV and AIDS. [Ann Millar] -- This book gives information about the clinical presentation, management and future strategies relating to patients infected with HIV and showing AIDS symptoms.

Each of the contributors developed an. However, while the HIV epidemic grew exponentially in poorer regions of the world, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa, HIV and AIDS has come to be associated with Africa (‘African AIDS’).

The HIV epidemic is perhaps the biggest global public health crisis facing us today, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa, with 34 million HIV-positive. Almost every person faces mental health challenges at some point. Major stresses—like the death of a loved one, divorce, loss of a job, or moving—can have a major impact on mental health.

Having a serious illness, like HIV, can be another source of major stress. You may find that a diagnosis of HIV challenges your sense of well-being or. And one observation continues to gain credence: families are a powerful resource in preventing, adapting to, and coping with HIV.

Recognizing their complex role as educators, mentors, and caregivers, Family and HIV/AIDS assembles a wealth of findings from successful prevention and intervention strategies and provides models for translating.

1. Introduction. According by WHO, the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is the virus that can destroy or impair immune system function and lead to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) which is known as the most advanced stages of HIV infection [].By the end ofthere were million people living with HIV worldwide, with million new infection cases and Cited by: 2.

John Anderson, Senior Director of the American Psychological Association Office on AIDS, along with 23 other leaders from different specialties within the AIDS and mental health fields, explored mental health needs for all aspects of the AIDS response with particular attention focused on the needs of caregivers, people living with HIV, and.

This book explores the issues of promiscuity and carelessness and their effect on the prevalence of STIs and HIV/AIDS in Africa from a perspective focusing on African cultural constructs.

As such, it puts African sexual habits and cultural beliefs vis-à-vis the STI and HIV/AIDS. The article debates the merits and consequences of likening mental health to HIV/AIDS, and identifies four major problems with the model for GMH advocacy being developed through these analogies: 1.

An inappropriately universalizing global approach to context-specific problems; by: 1. The increase in paediatric and heterosexually-transmitted HIV/AIDS among African-Americans in Alabama suggests that the increase in crack-cocaine use and HIV/AIDS may be linked. This study sought to investigate the link between crack-cocaine use and HIV transmission in a small group of incarcerated Alabama women jailed for illicit drug use or.

Comprehensive knowledge of HIV remains low in sub-Saharan Africa and is an obstacle to reducing incidence rates. Many people living with HIV in sub-Saharan Africa are unaware of their HIV status. There are sizable variations among countries, from about 30 percent who are unaware of their status in.

Kenya. to 70 percent in the Democratic File Size: KB. HIV/AIDS Factsheet Impact in South Africa InCDC Directly supported the provision of antiretroviral drugs toHIV-positive pregnant women to prevent mother-to-child transmission.

Directly supported the provision of antiretroviral treatment tomen, women and File Size: KB. staff education strategy for HIV/AIDS using the handbook on AIDS for UN employ-ees and their families produced by UNAIDS and identifying in the field local sources experienced in HIV/AIDS counselling, to provide confidential follow-up.

The staff of the UN Medical Service should be fully involved in such staff edu-cation programmes. Books shelved as hiv-aids: And the Band Played On: Politics, People, and the AIDS Epidemic by Randy Shilts, The Wisdom of Whores: Bureaucrats, Brothels. Get this from a library. Global HIV/AIDS medicine.

[Paul Volberding;] -- HIV/AIDS management poses many different challenges around the world, and the therapies available in the West are often not economically feasible in developing countries.

This new book is the first. This can elicit productive dialogue, produce teachable moments, and humanize HIV. In one study by Davtyan and colleagues in the Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care (), African American and Latina women used participatory photography (Photo Voice) to reflect on their experiences with HIV-related stigma.

They later used the. AIDS is a condition that can arise from an advanced stage of infection with HIV. We look at symptoms, progression, transmission, medication, and management .per cent of all South Africans over the age of two were living with HIV/AIDS in The estimated HIV/AIDS prevalence amongst those aged 15 to 49 was per cent in The scourge of HIV/AIDS amongst pregnant women stood at 28 per cent in * Clarence Itumeleng Tshoose.

LLB LLM (North-West University).File Size: KB.

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